Blue Merle Australian Shepherd Dog Breed Information
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Author: Crisanto Villarey
Crisanto Villarey, DVM, merges his veterinary expertise with business acumen, focusing on dairy science and animal health advocacy.
Published date: October 4, 2023
Updated date: October 9, 2023
This article was reviewed and fact checked If you have found any errors, please contact us!

Blue Merle Australian Shepherd Dog Breed Information

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Are you looking for a unique and striking dog breed? If so, Blue Merle Australian Shepherds might be the perfect fit for you. With their multicolored coats and captivating appearance, these dogs are sure to turn heads wherever you go.

Not only are they beautiful, but they are also intelligent and highly trainable. However, they have high energy levels and require plenty of mental and physical stimulation.

We will explore the history, physical characteristics, health considerations, grooming tips, and more about Blue Merle Australian Shepherds. So, let’s dive in and discover all there is to know about these amazing dogs.

History and Origin

This breed has a fascinating history and origin. This unique color variation can be found in the Australian Shepherd breed. The blue merle coat is characterized by a mixture of grey, white, black, and tan or red colors.

It is believed that the blue merle gene was introduced to the breed through the crossbreeding of Collies and other herding dogs. Australian Shepherd breeders have carefully selected and bred these dogs to maintain the blue merle color. Selective breeding allowed for the enhancement of the breed’s herding abilities.

Today, blue Australian Shepherds are highly sought after. Mainly for their striking appearance and intelligence. They are known for their herding capabilities and make excellent working dogs. Australian Shepherd breeders continue to preserve and promote this unique coat variation in the breed.

Physical Characteristics and Appearance

When considering an Australian Shepherd, you’ll notice their unique multicolored coat with mixtures of grey, white, black, and tan or red, along with their striking markings around the eyes. Blue Merle Aussies have a medium to large build with a long, double coat.

They can have blue, amber, or brown eyes, and sometimes have eyes of different colors. Their coat color and markings give them a distinctive appearance. It really sets them apart from other breeds.

Did You Know?

Australian Shepherds love to be close to their family members. They will follow you everywhere, even to the bathroom. Having one can be like having a shadow. Especially if you are your dog’s “favorite person.”The Australian Shepherd is the happiest when it has a job to do. Don’t worry if you don’t own sheep – the Aussie will be happy guarding the home and having some consistent daily activities.Merle is a genetic pattern in a dog’s coat that comes in various patterns. They include mottled patches or a solid or piebald coat. It can also show up through blue or odd-colored eyes.Regular exercise is essential for Australian Shepherds, as neglecting this can lead to unwanted behaviors. Without adequate physical activity, an Aussie may resort to destructive tendencies, excessive barking, or, in more severe cases, even experience depression.

Health Considerations

To properly care for your Australian Shepherd, it is important to be aware of the potential health conditions they may be prone to.  Provide regular veterinary check-ups. Here are some important health considerations and tips for the care of your Blue Merle Aussie:

Blue Merle Australian Shepherds can be prone to certain health conditions. Mostly congenital deafness, hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, cataracts, epilepsy, and Progressive Retinal Atrophy. Regular vet check-ups are crucial to catch and manage these conditions early on.

Grooming Tips and Maintenance

Regular brushing and using an undercoat brush during shedding season helps prevent mats and skin infections in Blue Merle Australian Shepherds.

Grooming is an essential part of maintaining the health and appearance of your Blue Merle Aussie. Their beautiful, multicolored coats require regular attention to keep them looking their best.

Brushing their coat at least once a week helps to remove loose hair and prevent mats from forming. During shedding season, using an undercoat brush can be particularly helpful. It will help in removing the dead hair and preventing it from getting tangled in their coat.

This not only keeps them looking tidy but also helps to prevent skin infections. They can occur when mats are left unattended. Regular grooming is an important aspect of caring for your Blue Merle Aussie and ensuring their overall well-being.

Exercise and Activity Requirements

Exercise and playtime are crucial for keeping Blue Merle Australian Shepherds mentally and physically stimulated. These herding dogs have high energy levels and need plenty of activities to keep them happy.

Here are the exercise and activity requirements for Blue Merle Australian Shepherds:

1. Daily walks: Commit to walking your Blue Merle Aussie for at least an hour a day. This will help them release pent-up energy and prevent them from getting bored.

2. Mental stimulation: Blue Merle Australian Shepherds are intelligent working dogs. Engage their minds with puzzle toys, obedience training, and interactive games. Provide time for sniffing or introduce nose work games. This will keep them mentally sharp and prevent them from becoming destructive.

3. Herding activities: Since Blue Merle Aussies have a natural herding instinct, consider involving them in herding trials or agility courses. This will fulfill their need to work and keep them engaged in a meaningful way.

white black and brown long coated dog on green grass during daytime

Feeding Recommendations for Blue Merle Aussies

Feeding a Blue Merle Aussie requires providing them with good quality dog food. It has to be balanced in protein and carbohydrates. Blue Merle Aussies have high energy levels and require a diet that supports their active lifestyle. When choosing dog food for your Blue Merle Aussie, look for options that are specifically designed for working dogs. These foods are usually higher in protein. This can help meet the nutritional needs of your energetic pup. It’s important to balance their food intake with their exercise routine to prevent weight gain. Consulting with a veterinarian can provide you with specific feeding recommendations for your Blue Merle Aussie. Vet will take into account their age, weight, and activity levels. Here is a table of information about feeding recommendations for Blue Merle Aussies:

AgeDaily Feeding AmountFrequency
Puppy3-4 meals per dayEvery 4 hours
Adult1-2 meals per dayEvery 8 hours
Senior1-2 meals per dayEvery 8 hours
ActiveIncrease portion sizeEvery 6 hours
Less ActiveDecrease portion sizeEvery 12 hours

Remember to always provide your Blue Merle Aussie with fresh water. Monitor their weight to ensure they maintain a healthy body condition.

Difference Between a Blue Merle Australian Shepherd and Border Collie

When considering a dog breed, you may be interested in learning about the differences between Blue Merle Australian Shepherds and Border Collies. Here are three key differences to consider:

1. Appearance: Blue Merle Australian Shepherds have a medium to large build with a long, double coat featuring multicolored patterns of grey, white, black, and tan or red. They often have striking blue, amber, or brown eyes. Border Collies have a black and white coat and a lean physique.

2. Size: Blue Merle Australian Shepherds are larger, measuring 18-23 inches in height and weighing 40-65 pounds. Border Collies are generally smaller, with a height of around 18-22 inches and a weight of 30-55 pounds.

3. Grooming: While both breeds require regular grooming, Border Collies tend to have a longer and denser coat. It requires more maintenance to prevent matting and skin infections.

Understanding these differences can help you make an informed decision when choosing between a Blue Merle Australian Shepherd and a Border Collie as your canine companion.

Temperament and Training

When it comes to their temperament, Blue Merle Aussies are intelligent, hardworking, and friendly dogs. However, their temperament can be influenced by proper physical and mental stimulation. These hyperactive dogs need to work and stay active to prevent destructive behavior. They thrive when assigned daily tasks such as herding.

It’s important to note that they are not recommended for owners who prefer a more relaxed and cuddly dog.

Blue Merle Australian Shepherds can make great family pets. They require time, patience, and commitment from their owners.


Owning a Blue Merle Australian Shepherd can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience. These dogs are not only stunning in appearance. They are also highly intelligent and trainable.

They require a lot of mental and physical stimulation to prevent behavioral issues. It is important to provide regular vet check-ups and proper care to manage any potential health conditions.

With the right owner and an active lifestyle, Blue Merle Australian Shepherds can provide years of love, companionship, and fun.

white black and brown short coated dog lying on yellow textile

Frequently Asked Questions

Are Blue Merle Dogs More Prone to Certain Health Issues Than Other Coat Colors?

Blue Merle Australian Shepherds are not inherently more prone to specific health issues compared to other coat colors. Health issues can affect all Australian Shepherds, regardless of coat color. Regular vet check-ups and proper care are essential for all dogs.

Can Australian Shepherd Puppies Have Different Eye Colors Other Than Blue or Brown?

Yes, they can have eye colors other than blue or brown. Some blue merles can have eyes with two different colors, one blue and one brown, due to the merle gene.

How Does the Cost of a Blue Merle Compare to Other Coat Colors?

The cost of a Blue Merle can vary depending on factors such as breeder reputation, health screenings, lineage, and gender. It’s important to consider the cost before deciding on a blue merle Aussie.

Are There Different Types of Australian Shepherds Based on Their Coat Patterns and Markings?

Yes, there are different types of blue merle Australian Shepherds based on their coat patterns and markings. Some have solid blue merle coats, while others have white, copper, or tan markings.

Can the Temperamentof This Breed Be Influenced by Their Coat Color?

Yes, the temperament of an aussie can be influenced by factors such as proper physical and mental stimulation. They are hyperactive dogs that require work and stimulation to prevent destructive behavior.

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