It is common for dogs to experience separation anxiety, and German Shepherds are particularly greatly affected.
There is a horde of factors that may contribute to separation anxiety, including, training, genetics, the parent’s temperament, temperament, health issues, and a myriad of physical and mental health problems.
If not dealt with at an early stage, separation anxiety can be crippling to your dog. Separation anxiety happens when your dog is terrified when it is isolated from the rest of its family, especially the parents.
German Shepherds are mostly affected due to their affectionate nature. The breed is also intelligent and playful. The dogs can also quickly get bored and anxious when they are separated from their owners for long.
Signs of Separation Anxiety common in German Shepherds
Some of the behaviors of active dogs can lead to accidents to the dog or the people around him. The separation anxiety can be triggered by the dog seeing signs that the owner is leaving.
Depending on how severe the anxiety is, your German Shepherd will most likely present the following symptoms:
- Howling is arguably the most common sign of separation anxiety in German Shepherds. Giving treats from time to time during his idle time and other toys to chew on, might go a long way in resolving the issue.
- Excessive barking and/or whining, especially when the dog notices signs that you are about to leave, is another symptom of separation anxiety. Remember not to show him too much affection at these moments as it only makes matters worse.
- Frequent accidents and misbehavior despite being trained
- Excessive licking
- German Shepherds do not drool that often, so if you notice your dog is drooling a little more often than usual, he’s probably going through separation anxiety.
- Attempting to escape from home, especially after your departure, is one of the most common signs that your dog is experiencing separation anxiety.
- Some German Shepherds exhibit separation anxiety by biting their paws often
- Frequent change of position or pacing can also show signs of separation in a German Shepherd
The German Shepherd is highly famous for being one of the most loyal dog breeds. It, however, comes at a price since the dogs could get sensitive about their emotional and physical setting. According to TheGermanShepherder, German shepherds are among the most affectionate dog breeds in the world.
If not well managed, the anxiety problem can grow from barking to other kinds of unpleasant behavior such as aggression towards other dogs or destroying furniture.
What causes separation anxiety in German Shepherds?
It is not properly understood why dogs experience separation anxiety. There are, however, a few likely scenarios.
First, wolves and dogs are natural pack animals. They grow fond of each other and their master much faster than other animals like cats. It is not, therefore, hard to imagine how it is for your dog to feel alone. He might be afraid of being hurt or lost.
Another possible reason for this behavior is previous experiences with abandonment trauma. Dogs adopted from shelters are particularly vulnerable to these experiences.
According to GermanShepherdWorld, the issue is also quite rampant in older dogs who have had to survive the passing or departure of their owners and had to be re-homed.
Here is a quick drop-down of possible causes for your German Shepherd’s separation anxiety.
- Moving into a new home
- New household schedules such as school hours or a new job
- Recent additions to the household such as a new pet, a baby, or a new roommate.
- Changing of a guardian being moved to another family
- Death or moving of a family member
How do you Handle Anxiety in German Shepherds?
1. Give your German Shepherd Plenty of Exercise
It can be hard to ease severe separation anxiety in German Shepherds. While you might get a sense of affection by knowing that your dog is anxious for your return, it might be dangerous for your dog to be upset every time you leave.
It is, therefore, best to tackle the problem head-on. It is only possible by making changes to the routine hat your German Shepherd is used to.
Make sure your dog has enough exercise every day before you leave. That way, he’ll be too exhausted to care so much about your departure.
According to GermanShepherdProblems, most German Shepherd dogs will not become anxious if they do not panic at the departure of their master.
Try to give the dog something to do while you are away. A chew works best in German Shepherds.
The remedy is, however, only useful if the dog is not experiencing severe anxiety. Otherwise, if your dog is severely anxious, these activities might not be enough to capture their attention and to get over your absence.
2. Make Changes to Your Daily Routine
Get your dog used to you leaving. Go through your leaving routine daily without actually leaving. Or just occasionally get up and leave without giving the dog any warnings or signs.
By not giving much affection to the German Shepherd right before you go and mixing up your leaving routine, he might disassociate your departure with a sense of panic.
Also, try your best to ignore the dog when he starts to whine or whimper. It is really tough to ignore him when he starts to sound displeased.
However, showing more affection to your dog when he gets upset only makes things worse. You need to do your best to keep a distance between your dog and your act of leaving.
In most cases, just re-planning your routine will work excellently at solving the issue of separation anxiety. Considering the severity of the anxiety, you may need to make consistent adjustments to how you interact with the dog and give him something to do when he is bored.
3. Positive reinforcements
Puppies are more like children. They learn much faster when they are rewarded for a behavior. The idea only works if mild anxiety cases. If bad behavior has already taken hold, positive reinforcements might not be a favorable option.
The goal of positive reinforcements is to reward calm behaviors and discourage anxious behaviors such as chewing and barking. Some professionals may refer to it as counter-conditioning since it teaches your dog to embrace his fears for a treat.
4. Be Calm and Maintain a Level of Attachment to the Dog before Departure
Additionally, try to stay calm. This is some advice for you. If you are not calm around your dog, especially at the time of your departure, you might be the cause of the problem. It is not advisable to pour love or make a big deal at the moment of your departure.
Stay calm when preparing to depart. I am not, however forbidding you from bidding your dog goodbye. However, don’t make a fuss out of it.
5. Medication might help at times
If you have tried all the ways listed above but none seems to be working, you might want to try some medication for your German Shepherd.
Just as humans require a doctor’s intervention from time to time, so do German Shepherds. It is always advisable to have a personal veterinary professional for your dog. Getting him checked immediately symptoms arise could help a vet alleviate the issue early enough.
While medication should not be your first choice, it is sometimes essential that your German Shepherd seek medical attention during severe anxiety.
What to Avoid Doing to an Anxious German Shepherd
Now that we know what to do to an anxious German Shepherd let us look at the things you should avoid doing around them.
Do Not Yell at Your Dog!
Do not shout at your German Shepherd or punish him when he is undergoing separation anxiety. According to AboutGermanShepherddogs, yelling at your dog will only make the situation worse instead of solving his fear.
Do Not Ignore Separation Anxiety
Separation anxiety is not a behavior that will settle on its own. Just because you cannot punish him for urinating excessively doesn’t mean you can’t discourage him from the behavior. Figure out which parts of the schedule to change and stick to it if it works.
Do Not Ignore Training
Some people simply let the dogs rest if they give signs of separation anxiety. It is essential that the dog gets not only his regular training but also new exercises to keep his mind of your departure.
Dog trainers that specialize in anxiety can be a good source of great tips on new exercises to include in the German Shepherd’s training to ease his anxiety.
Here’s a YouTube video that discusses the signs of separation anxiety and how to resolve the problem.
It is essential that you notice the signs of separation anxiety early on. This will not be difficult with most German Shepherd breeds as they will chew up just about anything and destroy their cages.
When you understand what exactly is keeping your pal anxious, you can take the steps discussed above to resolve it quickly. Getting the help of a specialist in German Shepherd anxiety is advised, especially if your dog’s case is severe.